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Water is a vital part of our life; without this, there is no existence of human civilization. In other words, one of the basic needs of life is water. Have you ever thought about the quality of water that you make use of every day? According to the U.S. Geological Survey, about 85 percent of American households have hard water, including homes with city water and well water.

What is hard water?

The word hard water is a state of water that contains high quantities of minerals. There are mainly two types: one is magnesium, and the other one is calcium, and it also contains iron.

The water available on the earth’s surface has these insoluble Minerals, and it becomes hard water.

When the amount of these two insoluble minerals is treated to go down, the hard water becomes soft water. This process is used in home appliances like water purifiers and water softeners. The artificial treatment that is used for this process is called the water softening process.

Problems caused by the excessive hardness of water

The continuous use of hard water may bring you problems such as dry skin, loss of hair, and faded clothes. One noticeable effect of hard water use is discomfort in your skin like irritation and eczema. Continuous usage of hard water may also cause corrosion inside water pipes, which decreases its lifespan. Hard water often results in slow-flowing pipes, an accumulation of soap scum, and overall difficulty getting things clean.

Key problems:

  • Problem with skin like dry skin, irritation
  • Decreases the reliability of water appliances like a pipe, water tape, etc
  • Faded cloth
  • The decrease in the effectiveness of soap and detergent

What is a water softener and how does it work

The process of removing insoluble minerals like calcium(Ca), magnesium(Mg), and iron(Fe) from water is called the water softening process.

There are several ways to effectively remove the hardness of the water:

Salt-free method

This process partly removes the hardness of the water. It mainly removes the insoluble calcium from the hard water by using a mechanical filter. This process, however, won’t be able to remove magnesium.

Ion exchange method

This is the general method that is typically used in a household water softener. It removes the calcium and magnesium content from water and makes it soft. The ion exchange process involves the exchange of the hardness minerals in the water, mainly calcium and magnesium, for sodium minerals. The exchange is made possible because the minerals are ionic, which means they have an electrical charge. This process is said to be the most effective method to make water soft.

We use water softeners to decrease the level of magnesium, calcium, and impurities from the water that we use daily. This will result in cleaner dishes, cleaner hair, softer skin, brighter and softer clothes. Turn to Benjamin Franklin Plumbing for all of your water softening needs. Our technicians can help to determine the cause of hard water and come up with a solution that meets your needs and budget. Call us at 440-286-1004 anytime!